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托福听力听写训练营8营:日日和死死的2010年4月27日的作业

2011-04-29 15:48 三立在线 admin

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摘要:城市发展 中文第一遍 今天我们将探讨一下私人交通工具机动车在城市规划中的地位 . 很多专家抱怨机动车辆使得城市面积比率的缩小。在 1950 和 1960 年的时候,机动车辆使得在城市工

城市发展——中文第一遍

今天我们将探讨一下私人交通工具——机动车——在城市规划中的地位.很多专家抱怨机动车辆使得城市面积比率的缩小。在19501960年的时候,机动车辆使得在城市工作,在N英里远的郊区居住成为可能。购物模式改变了,居住在市郊的人选择了在城市外面离家近的大型购物中心采购物品,而不是在城市里的小超市购物。城市里的商家竞争失败了,不得不关闭自己的小商店,城市里的商业区变得冷清了。近几年,城市里的商业区又开始活跃起来。很多市郊的商业元素又回到了城市里面。之所以这样是为了避免在高速公路上来自市郊的上下班车造成的拥堵。我选择城市规划中的这个特别的问题,以每一小组为单位讨论“我们对私人交通工具的依赖”这个问题。我希望你们能够提出一些创新的解决办法,不要单从社会学角度来解决,把环境问题和对经济问题的问题也考虑进去。

Today, we’ll exam the role the pri

城市发展——英文第一遍
vate transportation, namely the automobile, plays in the city planning. A number of sociologists blame the automobile for the decline of the downtown area of major cities. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, the automobiles made it possible to work in the city and yet live in the suburbs many miles away. Shopping patterns changed, instead of patronizing downtown stores, people in the suburbs went to large shopping molls outside the city closer to home. Merchants in the city failed and their stores closed. Downtown shopping areas became disserted. In recent years, there has been a rebirth of the downtown area, as many suburban items move back to the city. They’ve done this, of course, to avoid highway’s clogs with the commuters from the suburbs. I’ve chosen this particular city planning problem, our dependents on transportation, to discuss in groups. I’m hoping you all will come up with some innovative solutions. Oh, and don’t approach the problem from a purely sociological perspective, try to take into account environmental and economical issues as well.

历史事件热气球——中文第一遍
欢迎各位热气球爱好者来到费勒德非亚,感谢各位今天早上来到这里参加纪念美国历史上第一次热气球飞行的活动。在1793年一月10号上午十点钟,一个丝质的热气球飞向了这座城市的上空,这里当时是这个国家的首都。据原始记载,热气球在空中飞行了46分钟,从出发地费勒德非亚飞向目的地新泽西州的**河对面。虽然今天我们的飞行员尝试估计一下当年的着陆点,可惜今天有风,谁知道气球会飞向哪里呢。即便在1793年的那一天气球是在某种天气下飞行的,到处都有云有迷雾。我们今天的历史重飞保证精彩,我后面的黄色气球有五层楼高,里面充的是氦气,而不是早期的对飞行员的说未知的、可能爆炸的氢气。充气的气球由于极其昂贵的价格现在很少见了,今天其他的80个热气球都是热空气动力的,由加热推进器加热,这些气球来自于全国各地,

历史事件热气球——英文第一遍
I want to welcome each balloon enthusiast to Philadelphia, thank you for coming here this morning to commemorate the first balloon voyage in the United States. On January 9th 1793 at 10 o’clock in the morning, a silk balloon lifted into the sky above this city, which was at the time the capital of the country. According to the original records of the flight, the voyage lasted 46 minutes from its departure in Philadelphia to its landing across the **river in New Jersey. Though our pilot today will try to approximate the original landing site, there are the mercy of the winds, so who knows where it will drift off to. Even the balloon was in 1793 experienced some of uncertain weather that day, there were clouds, fogs, and mist in varies directions. Our reenactment promises to be nothing unless than spectacular. The yellow balloon directly behind me is 5 storeys high. It’s inflated with helium, unlike the original which was filled with hydrogen, and unknown to the pilot, potentially explosive. Gas filled forms are pretty uncommon because of the extremely high cost. So the 80 other balloons in today’s launch are hot air, heated by propel burners. These balloons are from all over the country.

 

邮政——中文第一遍
现在我们进入主展厅,参观一些用于提高邮政运输速度的著名的交通工具的实体。想想一下曾今在极短的距离之下都要很长的运输时间。1600的时候,骑马从波士顿送一封信到260英里的远的纽约要两个星期。过河也是个不小得挑战。渡口运输是无固定时间安排的,有时候邮递员需要等一个多小时才能乘船。路上都有驿站服务,但肯定很不舒服,因为要和其他的过客挤在一起。有时候邮政局会采取相当有创意的方式。比如在19世纪,西南部的沙漠里面,骆驼被用来运邮件,在阿拉斯加则用麋鹿来运,这些方法最终都启用了,因为*原因。我们在这里停下来进去看看这个铁路邮政运输火车的复制品。在火车成为主要交通工具的时期,邮政运输才真正繁荣起来。美国用火车运大部分平信持续了一百多年,1980年开始才采用航空运输。请用几分钟时间看看这里,希望您游览愉快,在你继续游览之前,我建议大家看看这里收集的让人印象深刻的**,你不仅可以看到一些发行的珍贵的邮票,还可以看到有趣的邮票制作过程的展示。

 

邮政——英文第一遍

Let’s proceed to the main exhibit hall, and look at some of the actual vehicles that played a prominent role in speeding up mail delivery. Consider how long it used to take to send a letter across a relatively short distance. Back in the 1700, it took 2 weeks on horseback to get a letter from Boston to New York, distance about 260 miles. Crossing a river was also a challenge. Ferry service was so irregular that a carrier would sometimes wait hours just to catch a ferry. For journeys in land there was always the stage coach. But the ride was by no means comfortable because they had to be shared with the other passengers. The post office was pretty ingenious about some words. In the 19 century, in the southwestern desert for instance, camels were brought in to help to get the mails through. In Alaska, reindeers were used. This practice was discontinued because of the disagreeable temporyment of these animals. We’ll stop here a minute so you can enter this replica of a railroad mail car. It was during the ages of the iron horse that delivery really started to pick up. In fact, the United States transported most folk mail by train for nearly 100 years. The first air mail service didn’t start until 1980. Please take a few moments to look around, I hope you enjoy your tour. And as you continue on your own, may I suggest visit our impressive *collection. Not only you look at some of the more unusual stamps issue, but there’s an interesting exhibit on how stamps are made.

 

历史事件热气球——英文第二遍
I want to welcome each and every balloon enthusiast to Philadelphia. Thank you for coming here this morning to commemorate the first balloon voyage in the United States. On January 9, 1793, at ten o'clock in the morning, a silk balloon lifted into the skies above this city, which was, at thetime, the capital of the country.According to the original records of the flight, the voyage lasted forty-six minutes, from its departure in Philadelphia to its landing across the Delaware River in New Jersey. Though our
pilots today will try to approximate the original landing site, they're at the mercy of the winds, so who knows where they'll drift off to. Even the balloonist in 1793 experienced some uncertain weather that day. There were clouds, fog, and mist in various directions. Our reenactment promises to be noting less than spectacular. The yellow balloon directly behind me is five stories high. It's inflated with helium, unlike the original, which was filled with hydrogen and, unbeknownst to the pilot, potentially explosive. Gas-filled models are pretty uncommon now because of the extremely high cost, so the eighty other balloons in today's launch are hot air, heated by propane burners. These balloons are from all over the country.

邮政——英文第二遍
Let's proceed to the main exhibit hall and look at some of the actual vehicles that have played a prominent role in speeding up mail delivery. Consider how long it used to take to send a letter across a relatively short distance. Back in the 1600's it took two weeks on horseback to get a letter from Boston to New York, a distance of about 260 miles. Crossing a river was also a challenge. Ferry service was so irregular that a carrier would sometimes wait hours just to catch a ferry. For journeys inland, there was always the stagecoach, but the ride was by no means comfortable because it had to be shared with other passengers. The post office was pretty ingenious about some routes. In the nineteenth century, in the Southwestern desert, for instance, camels were brought in to help get the mail through. In Alaska, reindeer were used. This practice was discontinued
because of the disagreeable temperament of these animals. We'll stop here a minute so that you can enter this replica of a railway mail car. It was during the Age of the Iron Horse that delivery really started to pick up. In fact, the United States transported most bulk mail by train for nearly 100 years. The first airmail service didn't start until 1918.Please take a few moments to look around. I hope you'll enjoy your tour. And as you continue on your own, may I suggest you visit our impressive philatelic collection. Not only can you look at some of the more unusual stamps issues, but there is an interesting exhibit on how stamps are made.

城市发展——英文第二遍

Today we'll examine the role that private transportation ---namely, the automobile --- plays in city planning. A number of sociologists blame the automobile for the decline of the downtown areas of major cities. In the 1950's and 1960's the automobile made it possible to work in the city and yet live in the suburbs many miles away. Shopping patterns changed: instead of patronizing downtown stores, people in the suburbs went to large shopping malls outside the city and closer to home. Merchants in the city failed; and their sores closed. Downtown shopping areas became deserted. In recent years there's been a rebirth of the downtown areas, as many suburbanites have moved back to the city. They've done this, of course, to avoid ighways clogged with commuters from the suburbs. I've chosen this particular city planning problem --- our dependence on private transportation --- to discuss in groups. I'm hoping you all will come up with some innovative solutions. Oh, and don't
approach the problem from a purely sociological perspective; try to take into account environmental and economic issues as well.

 



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