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托福在线备考小组人大专版 救赎沉沦,作业日志作业包5

2011-04-06 16:22 小马过河 admin

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摘要:作业包5 长难句模块 开始时间:2010/12/6 22:30 (41) One important line of evidence comes from flaking patterns of stone cores used in toolmaking: implements flaked with a clockwise motion (indicating a right-handed toolmaker)

作业包5 长难句模块         开始时间:2010/12/6 22:30
(41) One important line of evidence comes from flaking patterns of stone cores used in toolmaking: implements flaked with a clockwise motion (indicating a right-handed toolmaker) can be distinguished from those flaked with a counter-clockwise rotation (indicating a left-handed toolmaker).
       证据中一条重要的线索来自于制作工具需要的石头中的小且轻的薄片:工具用的是顺时针方向的薄片(预示着用右手做工具的人)可以和那些逆时针方向的薄片(预示着用左手做工具的人)区别开。
(42) The external surfaces of plants, in addition to being covered by an epidermis and a waxy cuticle, often carry spiky hairs known as trichomes, which either prevent feeding by insects or may even puncture and kill insect larvae.
       植物的外表面,包括那些被表皮和一层蜡外皮包裹的,经常会有尖的毛刺,这些毛刺被称为香毛簇,它们可以保护植物不被昆虫吃掉,甚至可以刺穿然后杀死幼虫。
(43) In the hypersensitive response, cells undergo rapid necrosis—that is, they become diseased and die—after being penetrated by a parasite; the parasite itself subsequently ceases to grow and is therefore restricted to one or a few cells around the entry site.
       由于高度高度灵敏的反应,细胞在它们被病菌寄生后经历着快速的死亡,这也就是说,它们变成有疾病的然后死亡。寄生物本身随后停止增长,这就是为什么寄生物被抑制从一个或者很少的细胞开始传播到整个身体。
(44) Passive plant defense comprises physical and chemical barriers that prevent entry of pathogens, such as bacteria, or render tissues unpalatable or toxic to the invader.
       被动的植物自我防御包括物理和化学防护,这些防护保护它们使病原体无法进入,像细菌,或者对侵略者放出一系列的不好闻的气味或是有毒的物质。
(45) If the physical barriers of the plant are breached, then preformed chemicals may inhibit or kill the intruder, and plant tissues contain a diverse array of toxic or potentially toxic substances, such as resins, tannins, glycosides, and alkaloids, many of which are highly effective deterrents to insects that feed on plants.
       如果植物的物理防御被破坏,那么就会出现化学防御,它会抑制或者杀死入侵者。植物阻止包含了一系列各种各样的有毒物质或者潜在的有毒物质,像是松香、丹宁酸、苷类、植物碱基等等,其中的许多都对阻止昆虫食用植物有着很大的作用。
(46) In a period characterized by the abandonment of so much of the realistic tradition by authors such as John Barth, Donald Barthelme, and Thomas Pynchon, Joyce Carol Oates has seemed at times determinedly old-fashioned in her insistence on the essentially mimetic quality of her fiction.
       这段话有些看不太懂。条例有些乱。
(47) In the meantime, she has continued to teach, moving in 1967 from the University of Detroit to the University of Windsor, in Ontario, and, in 1978, to Princeton University.
       与此同时,她坚持授课,1967年她从底特律大学转到温莎公爵大学,然后在1978年转到了普林斯顿大学。
(48) Whatever the source and however shocking the events or the motivations, however, her fictive world remains strikingly akin to that real one reflected in the daily newspapers, the television news and talk shows, and the popular magazines of our day.
       无论来源是什么,无论事件或者动机多么令人震惊,但是她想象的世界仍然与在每日报纸上、每天的电视新闻和脱口秀上、我们每天的最受欢迎杂志上反映的真实事件是惊人的相似。
(49) Joyce Carol Oates published her first collection of short stories, By The North Gate, in 1963, two years after she had received her master’s degree from the University of Wisconsin and become an instructor of English at the University of Detroit.
       Joyce Carol Oates在1963年印刷了她的第一部短片小说集By The North Gate,两年后,她得到了威廉康星州大学的硕士学位并且成为了底特律大学的英文系导师。
(50) Although they have voracious appetites, eating day and night, sea cucumbers have the capacity to become quiescent and live at a low metabolic rate—feeding sparingly or not at all for long periods, so that the marine organisms that provide their food have a chance to multiply.
       尽管它们有很贪婪的胃口,没日没夜的吃东西,但是海参有能力休眠或者在很低的新陈代谢率下生存,可以喂食它们很少的东西或者在一段长时间内根本不喂它们吃的,因此那些成为海参食物的海生有机体将有机会繁殖。

结束时间:2010/12/6  23:23



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